PEER-REVIEWED ARTICLES

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Bérubé, J. et Gauthier, J.B. (2020). Coopetition in Projects in Cultural Industries. Journal of Modern Project Management, 7(4), 1-15.

Abstract:
This paper addresses the following question: what happens when people pool their resources in a project but also compete for market share? This question is at the heart of project management in the cultural industries. To be viable, these projects must find a compromise between competition and collaboration. To conceptualize this compromise, we used the theoretical framework On Justification by Boltanski and Thévenot (2006). These authors represented society with six independent worlds, and they explored compromises between the various worlds. We associate competition with the market world and collaboration with the civic world. Boltanski and Thévenot (2006) did not find a figure of compromise between these two worlds, but we suggest that coopetition is a viable form of compromise. We undertook 50 semi-structured interviews with professional visual artists to empirically support our assumptions that (1) coopetition is the answer to our initial question, and (2) it is the figure of compromise between the market and civic worlds. Our findings contribute to the literature on coopetition in project management by presenting three typical cases of coopetition in projects in cultural industries: artwork creation projects, art exhibition projects in private galleries, and art exhibition projects in cooperative galleries. We also contribute to the literature on Boltanski and Thévenot (2006) theoretical framework by exploring a new figure of compromise.
Bérubé, J. & Gauthier, J.B. (2017). Compromise between creative activities and project management activities : a contingency factor. Journal of Modern Project Management, 5(2), 80-87.

Abstract:
Creative organizations are characterized by project management and struggle with a tension between their creative activities and their project management activities. They must reach a compromise allowing the management of this tension. This research’s objective is to explore this compromise as a contingency factor in the competitive positioning of these organizations in the creative market. Therefore, this research supports existing project management literature on contingency. To do so, we conducted a multiple correspondence analysis with data collected (semi-structured interviews) from 35 creative workers, artistic directors and project managers working in 11 advertising agencies. The theoretical framework of justification of Boltanski and Thévenot (1991, 2006) was used to explore the compromise as a contingency factor. This research proposes a practical and a theoretical contribution. On the one hand, it guides creative organizations wanting to modify their competitive positioning based on managing the compromise of the tension between creative activities and project management activities. On the second hand, it uses an original analysis technique to study the contingency in the management of projects.
Hério, R., Gauthier, J.-B. et Paradis, J. (2014). La pharmacie d’établissement comme objet des sciences de l’organisation : Espace technique, espace stratégique et structuration. Pharmactuel, 47(2), 114-118.

Abstract of  Hospital pharmacy as a topic of the Organizational Sciences : technical space, strategic space and structuration (in french - no translations available):

Objective - To propose a discussion, based on the main theoretical frameworks in the organizational sciences, of institutional pharmacy management practices.

Description of problem - An organizational analysis of institutional pharmacy practice highlighting its structuring process is presented. The first part illustrates management practices in the health-care system and in pharmacy departments. The second part illustrates the fact that an array of theoretical frameworks can enrich our understanding of the organization of institutional pharmacy. In the third part, the ethnographic data gathered in a pharmacy department are used to show how one of these theoretical frameworks, structuring theory, offers an original representation of its organization.

Discussion - The authors underscore the diversity of representations and present situations commonly encountered in pharmacy departments. They then illustrate the difficulty reconciling the different perspectives and discuss how structuring theory can be used to remedy this problem. Ethnographic data gathered in a hospital pharmacy department are used to demonstrate the theories presented.

Conclusion - The authors situate our research in the perspective of developing the role of institutional pharmacy in the context of local service networks.
Gauthier, J.-B. & Ika, L. (2012). Foundations of Project Management Research: An Explicit and Six-Facet Ontological Framework. Project Management Journal, 43(5), 5-23.

Abstract:
This article proposes a new, explicit, and integrated ontological framework to stimulate project management research. It suggests that the ontological question should be viewed as a sixfacet diamond that represents a set of root assumptions about projects. The article conveys the idea that whenever a project management researcher emphasizes a specific facet, he or she knowingly or unknowingly leaves the other five facets in the dark in his or her research. This article calls for attention on the ground ontological assumptions of project management research in order to transcend the abstract epistemological and methodological debates and concentrate on what really divides the different theoretical positions.
Gauthier, J.-B. et St-Pierre, M. (2012). Les conditions de succès des projets dans le secteur de la santé : l’intégration des équipes de projet. Journal Of Global Business Administration, 4(1), 18-30.

Abstract of  Conditions for successful projects in the Health Sector: Integration of Project Teams (in french - no translations available):

The creation of interdisciplinary and interorganizational links is a contributing factor in team performance, and therefore also in the success of projects in the health sector.  Examination of a clinical project identified three conditions necessary for the creation of these integrational links: the needs of the groups of actors that make up the project team, the response to these needs and repeated occurrence of satisfying exchanges.
St-Pierre, M. et Gauthier, J.-B. (2011). Les conditions de passage de l'action en réseau à un réseau en action dans le secteur de la santé. La Revue des Sciences de Gestion, Direction et Gestion, 251(septembre/octobre), 31-36.

Abstract of  Conditions for Transforming Networking Action into an Action Network in the Health Care Sector (in french - no translations available):

In terms of health care, the establishment of networks often consists only of implanting new normative organizational models for the delivery of care and service. Networking actions are undertaken using this approach, with varying degrees of success, based upon a preconceived notion of how the various groups of actors will behave in an organization and what the consequences of their actions will be. In this article, we demonstrate the concrete potential for establishing a real action network by enumerating the conditions likely to support such a potential.  Therefore, the preconditions that allow us to predict workable interfaces are the needs felt by the actors in the course of their operations, the responses that are elaborated to meet these needs in the course of their dealings with others who have different practices, and the development of these dealings into a routine. 
Gauthier, J.-B. et St-Pierre, M. (2009/2010). La faisabilité de l’intégration organisationnelle des projets entre coopératives de santé et  système public. Revue Économie et Solidarités, 40(1/2), 84-98.

Abstract of  The Feasibility of Organizational Integration of Projects between Health Cooperatives and the Public Health System (in french - no translations available):

In the health care field, the development and performance of solidarity cooperatives increasingly depends on the creation of networks with the public system.  This is why various integration projects are launched. In a context of limited resources, feasibility analyses for such projects tend to focus mainly on the needs to be met and resources to be committed. However, because this is not sufficient to make the projects successful, we have sought, in this article, to determine the foundational bases for organizational integration that are also preconditions for the feasibility of network-building projects. The example of the start-up of a network emergency clinic undertaken by the Aylmer Health Coop and the Centre de santé et de services sociaux de Gatineau serves to illustrate our ideas.
St-Pierre, M., Sévigny, A., Gauthier, J.-B., Tourigny, A. et Dallaire, C. (2009). Une nouvelle approche pour la gestion de l’intégration dans le système de santé : le cas des bénévoles et des professionnels. Management et avenir, 26, 177-189.

Abstract of  A new approach to the management of integration in the health system: the case of volunteers and professionals (in french - no translations available):

In health care systems, networks demand that we move beyond the instrumental vision of the manager, because of the need to integrate underlying practices. The example of volunteers and professionals demonstrates that an analysis of structural, contextual characteristics and of the actors’ abilities, serves to reveal the dispositions to action upon which the success of the integration depends.
St-Pierre, M., Rheinharz, D. & Gauthier, J.-B., (2006).  Organizing the public health-clinical health interface: Theoretical bases.  Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy, 9(1), 97-106.

Abstract:
This article addresses the issue of the interface between public health and clinical health within the context of the search for networking approaches geared to a more integrated delivery of health services. The articulation of an operative interface is complicated by the fact that the definition of networking modalities involves complex intra- and interdisciplinary and intra- and interorganizational systems across which a new transversal dynamics of intervention practices and exchanges between service structures must be established. A better understanding of the situation is reached by shedding light on the rationale underlying the organizational methods that form the bases of the interface between these two sectors of activity. The Quebec experience demonstrates that neither the structural-functionalist approach, which emphasizes remodelling establishment structures and functions as determinants of integration, nor the structural-constructivist approach, which prioritizes distinct fields of practice in public health and clinical health, adequately serves the purpose of networking and integration. Consequently, a theoretical reframing is imperative. In this regard, structuration theory, which fosters the simultaneous study of methods of inter-structure coordination and inter-actor cooperation, paves the way for a better understanding of the situation and, in turn, to the emergence of new integration possibilities.
Gauthier, J.-B. et Rancourt, F.  (1998).  Annonce d'un changement, anxiété situationnelle et traits de la personnalité : Une étude exploratoire.  Revue québécoise de psychologie, 19(3), 29-46.

Abstract of  Announcement of Change, Situational Anxiety and Personality Traits: An Exploratory Study (in french - no translations available):

There are two objectives to the present research: first, to examine the anxiety levels of 120 subjects (50 men and 70 women) facing a situation in which change is being announced; secondly, to explore the relative levels to which certain personality traits in these subjects contribute to variations in anxiety levels following a change announcement. Results suggest that a change announcement increases anxiety in those confronted by it, and that certain combinations of personality traits explain, in part, the levels of anxiety experienced. Organizational implications are discussed and research questions are presented.