(2019 archives)


Henri Lefebvre's spatial architectonics as a lever for a normative study of projects in the health sector

This is the title of the thesis proposal successfully submitted by Johanne Paradis, a doctoral candidate in administration-project management at the Université du Québec en Outaouais. The general research objective pursued by Johanne Paradis is to explore how the project can be something other than a lever for organizational efficiency in the Quebec health system. To answer this, we ask two questions: (i) how project management conceptualizes health and care and (ii) how space in project management in the health field is conceptualized.
How does project management conceptualize care? A review of the scientific literature shows that the project in the health sector attracts the attention of only a few project management authors. Indeed, little research is focused on projects that are in line with the primary mission of a health system: care. The work on care leaves an important stakeholder in the project: the patient. As for the conceptualization of space (2nd question), it differs according to whether it is the tradition in project management or the critical currents in project management.

Consequently, the doctoral research in progress has the following two specific objectives: (1) build a structuralist conceptual architecture of the constitution of the space in order to integrate the patient as an "agentified" stakeholder and the project as an opportunity to define the health and care space in a different way and (2) to empirically study any structuring movement in order to improve the architecture proposed in point (1). A first version of the conceptual framework was the subject of a long paper and a presentation at the 9th edition of the
Making Critical Project (MPC9). As for the empirical approach, it crosses the case study and ethnography. More concretely, the case of the Outaouais medical training project will be studied from the inside.

The thesis proposal under the supervision of Professor Jacques-Bernard Gauthier was presented to the jury and the university community on December 9, 2019. Jacques-Bernard Gauthier would like to congratulate Johanne Paradis for the quality of the work she has done.

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Écosystèmes d’affaires et stratégies de coopération. Portrait de la dynamique de la publication des périodiques scientifiques (Business ecosystems and cooperation strategies. Portrait of the dynamics of the publication of scientific periodicals), this is the title of the paper and conference proposed by Michèle Harbour, professor at the Université du Québec en Outaouais, and Jacques-Bernard Gauthier for ASAC 2019.

Although it is anchored in the strategy, this paper is more broadly part of work on reflexivity and research methodology. For this paper and conference, Michèle Harbour and Jacques-Bernard Gauthier have set themselves the objective of studying the cooperation strategies that ensure the maintenance and development of a business ecosystem where converging and divergent objectives coexist. Our results showed that the publication of scientific periodicals is part of a growing community business ecosystem in which coexisting strategies of homeostatic cooperation, pressure and adaptation. Our study contributes to the understanding of ecosystems from a macro perspective, i.e. commercial activity. In doing so, it has made it possible to better understand the mechanisms of cooperation within the ecosystem of scientific periodical publishing, which presents itself as an expanding community through the active role of the actors in the different strata of this ecosystem. The identification of three types of cooperation strategies mobilized by stakeholders is also an important contribution to the literature on business ecosystems.

Business ecosystems and cooperation strategies was presented on May 26, 2019 at the Goodman School of Business - Brock University. For more details, see ASAC 2019 program:
Jacques-Bernard Gauthier est co-auteur avec Julie Bérubé d’un papier qui a été présenté Jacques-Bernard Gauthier co-authored with Julie Bérubé a long article (and a conference) entitled: Coopetition in Projects in Cultural Industries, which was presented on May 23, 2019 as part of the 4th international conference on project management at the UQTR (Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières). Here is the abstract of the long paper :

The paper addresses the following question: what happens when people pool their resources in a project but also compete for market share? This question is at the heart of project management in the cultural industries. To be viable, these projects must find a compromise between competition and collaboration. To conceptualize this compromise, we used the theoretical framework On Justification by Boltanski and Thévenot (2006). These authors represented society with six independent worlds, and they explored compromises between the various worlds. We associate competition with the market world and collaboration with the civic world. Boltanski and Thévenot (2006) did not find a figure of compromise between these two worlds, but we suggest that coopetition is a viable form of compromise. We undertook 50 semi-structured interviews with professional visual artists to empirically support our assumptions that (1) coopetition is the answer to our initial question, and (2) it is the figure of compromise between the market and civic worlds. Our findings contribute to the literature on coopetition in project management by presenting three typical cases of coopetition in projects in cultural industries: artwork creation projects, art exhibition projects in private galleries, and art exhibition projects in cooperative galleries. We also contribute to the literature on Boltanski and Thévenot (2006) theoretical framework by exploring a new figure of compromise.

You can consult the conference programme at this address:
La 9e édition du Making Projects Critical : Jacques-Bernard Gauthier co-author of : Health projects examined through the magnifying glass of Lefebvre and Heidegger’s space-time architecture

Health projects examined through the magnifying glass of Lefebvre and Heidegger’s space-time architecture is among the fifty papers selected by the Making Projects Critical’s organizational committee. In their paper, Johanne Paradis, DBA candidate in Project Management, and Jacques-Bernard Gauthier focus on structuration process of spaces of collaboration between patients and health professionals (what Canguilhem call: colloque singulier). Some authors propose Gidden's Theory to analyze the project structuration. Drawing on Hägestrand's geography, Giddens' structuration theory is, however, limited when it comes to conceptualize all issues surrounding the production of colloque singulier in healthcare project management. This is why Johanne Paradis and Jacques-Bernard Gauthier propose to examine issues surrounding the structuring of colloque singulier (collaboration space between patients and health professionals) in project management by borrowing the perspectives of Henry Lefebvre and Martin Heidegger on the production of space.

Making Projects Critical 9 is held at Mälardalen University, Västerås, Sweden (Jan 17-18, 2019) - (see
the program of MPC9)